Japanese Terms Used in Classes

  
COUNTING IN JAPANESE
ICHI -- ONE                         NI -- TWO                            SAN --THREE
SHI -- FOUR                        GO -- FIVE                            ROKU -- SIX
SHICHI -- SEVEN               HACHI -- EIGHT                   KU -- NINE
JU -- TEN

Higher numbers (11-99) are created by adding lower numbers together:   11 = Ju+Ichi, 12 = Ju+Ni, etc. and 20  Ni+Ju, 30 = San + Ju, etc.

Japanese Martial Arts language

The most difficult part of learning a martial art in a traditional dojo is learning to listen to and understand the Japanese words that are spoken.   The Japanese commands are necessary to the proper induction of a student into the art. Historically it is necessary, as some commands cannot be put into English without a lengthy explanation. Often times the words that are used in the dojo are not commonly found in everyday use. The term OSU!!! Is one of the best examples it is a contraction of the word or phrase ouso which generally means I understand and will obey. This term was adopted from the military and used in the karate dojo, the term is not commonly found in Iaido, Kobudo, jujitsu, or judo.  Some karate dojo also do not use this term, and in those dojo “hai so desu” is used most often to indicate compliance with requests or orders
Since we are in America, we should explain in English, and command in Japanese. In this way we may retain the flavor of Japan Karate do with the added benefit of presenting the material to be studied in the student’s native language.

Parts of the Body
Atama -- Head, Top of Head                       Kin -- Groin
Hiza -- Knee                                                        Ashi -- Foot
Hiji -- Elbow                                                        Hirate -- Fist
Haisoku -- Instep                                             Kote --Forearm
Te -- Hand                                                            Teisoku --Foot arch
Sokuto -- Foot blade                                       Shotei -- Palm Heel
Haishu -- Back of hand                                  Kakato -- Heel
Chusoku -- Ball of foot                                  Koken -- Wrist
Shuto -- Knife hand                                         Haito -- Inner Shuto

Directions of Blocking and Striking
Jodan -- High                                                      Chudan --Middle
Gedan -- Low                                                     Migi -- Right
Hidari -- Left                                                       Ushiro -- Back
Mae -- Front                                                       Yoko -- Side
Age -- Rising                                                        Mawashi --Round
Han -- 45o angle

Stances
 Shiko Dachi -- Horse Stance                           Yoi   Dachi -- Ready Stance
Tsuri Ashi Dachi --Crane Stance                   Neko Ashi Dachi -- Cat Stance
Zenkutsu Dachi -- Front Stance                   
Kokutsu Dachi -- Back Stance
Sanshin Dachi --Hourglass Stance
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